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Green Dot
The European Parliament and Council Directive 94/62/EC on Packaging and Packaging Waste (“the Directive”) first came into force at the end of 1994 and has both environmental and single market objectives.

The Directive is enforced through national regulations imposed in each Member State. A common standard is adhered to but with some local variances. The overarching certification for the Directive is the ‘Green Dot’. Companies have to be Green Dot compliant in all the countries in which they sell products.

Certification follows a financing model (i.e. a “packaging tax”) to help achieve recovery and recycling targets. The recovery and recycling targets in some countries, such as the UK, form part of the calculation of the packaging tax.

Green Dot is just a trademark but has become a widespread symbol of conformity and compliance scheme and is contributing to the fulfilment of EU Directive 94/62/EC.

PRO EUROPE ensures the uniformity of national compliance schemes and awards these schemes with the right to use the Green Dot trademark. The system has to be nationally approved and must agree to respect the meaning of the Green Dot trademark, which indicates that a financial contribution has been paid to a national recovery system that was established according to the principles of Directive 94/62/EC and prevailing national legislation for the packaging on which it is printed.
Greenshare compliance to Green Dot
1. Greenshare lists all of your finished products by production plant.

2. Against each finished product there is a flag which determines its final destination country.

3. Greenshare lists sales volumes for each finished product for each destination country.

4. Greenshare lists the packaging components for every finished product along with their material composition and weight specification.

5. Greenshare maps the material composition against the material group specified by the Green Dot PCS in the destination country.

6. Greenshare reports the tonnage consumption for each material group.

7. Greenshare monitors the licence fee applicable to each material group in each country. Greenshare calculates the Green Dot Licence Fee by multiplying the overall tonnage for each material group against the licence fee applicable for material group.

8. Greenshare repeats this sequence for each Member State that applies the Green Dot scheme.

The UK differs from the Green Dot system as it has been designed to exactly meet, and not exceed, the targets contained within the Packaging Directive by targeting most easily collected material from both household and commercial waste streams. The recovery and recycling targets to be met by the UK are cross-referenced at the start of the year with the market share (measured in the amount of packaging handled) of each UK business, giving each a quantity, in tonnes, that they must recycle or recover – and if every obligated company in the UK recycles their allocated “obligation”, the overall UK target will be met.

Each business then funds its allocated recycling obligation through the purchase of Packaging Waste Recovery Notes (PRNs). These are tradable recycling certificates generated by government-accredited recycling companies. The purchase price of the PRN depends on the material it represents and the market. For example, if there is a shortage of plastic recycling to meet an increased recycling target then plastic PRNs will be in short supply. The plastic PRN price will therefore increase and, as a result, more money will be available to plastic reprocessors to invest in collection and recycling infrastructure.

There are other differences between the UK and the Green Dot system. For example, only companies handling more than 50 tonnes of packaging per year and with a turnover in excess of £2 million need to register.

The primary objectives of the regulations are to increase the recovery and recycling of packaging waste in a consistent way with Member States of the EU (i.e. the Green Dot scheme) and to focus on reducing the amount of packaging used and the reuse of packaging.
Greenshare compliance to The Producer Responsibility Obligations (Packaging Waste) Regulations
1. Greenshare lists all of your finished products by production plant.

2. Against each product there is a flag which determines the final destination country of the finished product.

3. Greenshare lists sales volumes for each finished product for each destination product.

4. Greenshare lists the packaging components for every finished product along with their material composition and weight.

5. Against each packaging component Greenshare determines the ‘activity’ classification and percentage obligation as determined by the Directive. Each activity has a corresponding percentage obligation. The 6 activities are manufacturing, Converting, Pack/filling, Selling, Service and Importing.

6. Greenshare also maps all the packaging component material against a general classification system as defined by the Directive. These categories are; Paper/board, Glass, Steel, Aluminium, Plastic, Wood, Composites and Other (jute, hessian, cork, ceramics etc.)

7. Greenshare monitors the UK recovery and recycling targets which are used to calculate your recovery and recycling obligations.

8. Greenshare calculates your obligation which gives you the tonnage of packaging waste to be recovered, and within that, the tonnages of packaging waste to be recycled in the current year. Greenshare calculates the obligation for the compliance year based on your packaging data for the previous calendar year. Greenshare does this by tracking all finished product, packaging component data and sales volumes over time.

9. Greenshare sends the report to your Produce Compliance Scheme who then purchases the PRN or PERN. The PCS should be able to ensure that sufficient packaging waste is collected and delivered to reprocessors and exporters to demonstrate that they have met their obligations.

10. Greenshare calculates your expected financial liability by mapping your obligation to the current cost of PRNs in the UK.

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